Changes you may experience during Second Trimester | Dr. Monika Agrawal

Changes you may experience during Second Trimester of Pregnancy | Dr. Monika Agrawal

Welcome to the second Trimester! The easiest 3 months of pregnancy. The good news is the the worst episodes of morning sickness and fatigue are over. Your energy level will go up. Yet big changes are still taking place in your body.

Changes that you may experience during the second trimester.


The extra weight gained in the past months may put pressure on your back, making it painful and sore.

What you can do ?

  • Sit straight and use a chair with good back support.
  • Sleep on your left side with a pillow between your legs.
  • Do no pick up or carry anything heavy. 
  • Wear low- heeled, comfortable shoes.

Bleeding Gums

You may have swollen, tender gum due to hormonal changes in your body.

What you can do ?

  • Use soft toothbrush
  • Be gentle while flossing 
  • Follow your oral hygiene regularly

Larger Breast 

Your breasts keep growing due to more fat storage; they are also getting ready to produce milk. Much of the breast pain experienced before may now reduce. 

What you can do ?

  • Increase your bra size 
  • Wear Good support bra

Nose Block & Bleeding

Hormonal changes may lead to snoring, stuffy nose and nose bleeding.

What you can do ?

  • Inhale steam
  • To stop nosebleed: keep head straight; apply pressure to the nose for few minutes till bleeding stops.

Vaginal Discharge

Thin, milky white vaginal discharge is normal.

What you can do ?

  • Wear a panty liner.
  • Consult a doctor if the discharge is foul-smelling, green or yellowish in color; it may be a sign of infection.

Heartburn & Constipation

Your hormonal changes may sometimes cause burning feelings in your chest; this is normal and there is no need to worry. Hormonal changes can also affect food movements through the intestine, leading to constipation.

What you can do ? To Relieve Heartburn

  • Take more frequent, smaller meals throughout the day
  • Eat slowly
  • Avoid greasy, spicy and acidic foods

For Constipation

  • Eat fiber- rich diet 
  • Drink lots of fluids 
  • Be physically active

Leg Cramps

These are common, especially at night, as pregnancy progresses 

What you can do ? To prevent leg cramps

  • Stretch calf muscles before sleeping
  • Drink lot of fluids 

If you get leg cramps

  • Stretch calf muscles on the affected side
  • Take hot shower, warm bath or ice massage.

Braxton Hicks Contractions

To become stronger for delivery, your uterus might starts contracting (called braxton hicks contraction). These are weak contractions and these will come and go at any time.

What you can do ?

  • Consult your doctor immediately if the contractions become painful or regular, as this could be a sign of preterm labor.

Stretch Mark

Pink, red or purple streaks may appear along your abdomen, breasts, buttocks or thighs. The stretching of skin may lead to itching.

What you can do ?

  • Use moisturisers to relieve itch
  • Don’t worry, most stretch marks later fade out.

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