Diabetes during pregnancy can cause problems to both mother and their baby. Diabetes during pregnancy can increase the chance of birth defects & problems during pregnancy. It can cause severe complications in pregnant women. To prevent any birth defects or complications proper care should be taken before and during pregnancy.
What is Gestational Diabetes ?
Gestational Diabetes are seen in pregnant women, who didn’t have diabetes before she was pregnant. During pregnancy your blood sugar levels become high which cause gestational diabetes.
There are two types of gestational diabetes A1 & A2
In A1 class the women can control their diabetes through diet & exercise.
In A2 class the women need to take insulin or other medication to control their diabetes.
Gestational diabetes goes away after you give birth but there are chances that it may affect your baby’s health. After delivery it is important for a woman with gestational diabetes to continue to exercise and eat a healthy diet to prevent the risk of type 2 diabetes. She should also get her blood checked every 1 to 3 years.
Tips for Women with Gestational Diabetes
Eat Healthy Food
Eat food that is high in fibre and low in fat & calories. Eat fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Watch your portion sizes. A dietitian can help you to create a healthy meal plan.
Exercise can help you to keep your blood sugar level under control. Consult your doctor before starting exercise during pregnancy, as it may cause certain complications. At least 30 minutes of moderate- intensity physical activity at least 5 days a week. It could be brisk walking, swimming.
Monitor Your Levels
Keep check on your blood sugar level as during pregnancy the body changes the need for energy to change the blood sugar levels.
Don’t gain more weight
Gaining weight during pregnancy is normal. But gaining too much can risk your gestational diabetes. Ask your doctor, “what is an ideal amount of weight gain is okay for you ?”
Get Test for diabetes after pregnancy
After your baby is born you should get tested for diabetes within 6 to 12 weeks and then every 1 to 3 years. Generally soon after delivery gestational diabetes goes away. If it doesn’t go away, the diabetes is called type 2 diabetes. It is important for a woman who had gestational diabetes during pregnancy to continue to exercise, eat healthy after pregnancy to prevent type 2 diabetes in future.
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