Difference Between PCOD & PCOS

Difference Between PCOD & PCOS | Dr. Monika Agrawal

Are PCOD and PCOS the same? A Lot of women get confused between these two terms. Let us understand the relation between PCOS, PCOD, and pregnancy. In spite of many similarities these conditions are very different but related to ovaries and hormonal imbalance. Get to know more about PCOD & PCOS and know the difference between PCOD & PCOS.

Difference between PCOD and PCOS

What is PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) ?

PCOS  is a metabolic disorder in which the woman is affected by hormonal imbalance in her reproductive years. In women with PCOS , the ovaries releases increased  levels of male hormones than usual, which messes up with the development of the eggs leading to irregular ovulation and skipping of the whole menstrual cycle. The eggs develop into cysts, which are the little sacs filled with liquid. Instead of being released during periods, these cysts build up in the ovaries and get enlarged. In long term, abnormal hair growth on the body and face caused due to PCOS can lead to heart disease and diabetes. PCOS is a serious medical condition, and it requires proper medical attention or surgical treatment.

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What is PCOD (Polycystic Ovarian Disease)?

Women’s ovaries release an egg alternatively every month. These ovaries produce androgen and male hormones in very minute quantities.  The ovaries release a lot of immature and partially mature eggs which turn into cysts.

 Thus, ovaries enlarge and produce large amounts of androgens that lead to infertility,irregular menstrual cycles, hair loss and abnormal weight gain. PCOD usually happens due to destructive harmful eating habits,junk food and being overweight.

 However, PCOD can be disciplined by lifestyle modifications and diet.


The cause of PCOD is still unknown. However,  PCOD with low-grade inflammation, excess insulin, production of male hormones in high quantities and genetics can be found. Unhealthy lifestyle and pollution are other causing factors of PCOD. They believe that high levels of male hormones prevent the ovaries from producing hormones and making eggs normally. 

Heredity : Studies show that PCOS runs in families as women with PCOS show the genetic correlation

Insulin resistance: Insulin is a hormone the pancreas produces to help the body use sugar from foods for energy.When cells can’t use insulin properly, the body’s demand for insulin increases. The pancreas makes more insulin to compensate. Extra insulin triggers the ovaries to produce more male hormones leading to obesity.Excess insulin production excess insulin levels increasing androgen production (a male hormone) that causes difficulty with ovulation.

Low-grade inflammation: As per the recent study, female with PCOS are having low-grade inflammation that causes higher androgen release.Being overweight can also contribute to inflammation.

Impact of PCOD/PCOS in pregnancy

Polycystic Ovarian Disease does not cause infertility in all women and is not an obstacle towards pregnancy. In about 80 per cent of cases, women can possibly conceive with a little aid and experience a smooth pregnancy. For women with PCOS, getting pregnant can be a hurdle due to the hormonal irregularities. One should have balanced hormonal cycles to conceive.. Since the levels of male hormones in PCOD are very high, conception becomes a challenge

Maintaining good health is essential to prevent as well as treat hormonal disturbances and conditions.They are advised to opt for an early pregnancy if they want children as advancing age affects the quality of the eggs adversely.It is always advisable to consult a gynaecologist to discuss the symptoms.

 The best treatment for PCOD and PCOS will include diagnosis in early stage and the appropriate steps that can help overcome the syndrome and make the journey towards conception a success.

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