Before planning pregnancy, make sure you are up to date on all your vaccines, this will help to protect you and your child from serious diseases. Make sure you get some pre – pregnancy blood tests done to see if you are immune to the diseases. Most of the women are vaccinated as children, but you should confirm this with your doctor.
During pregnancy, vaccinated mothers pass on protective antibodies, infection fighting molecules to their babies before they are born. This provides immunity against vaccine – preventable diseases during the first few months of life, as the baby is still too young to be vaccinated.
Vaccines Before Pregnancy
Chickenpox as an adult is quite serious. If you’re pregnant, it can be a trouble for your growing baby. Before planning pregnancy, get checked by your doctor if you need the chickenpox vaccine. Women who are pregnant should not receive the vaccine.
Measles, Mumps & Rubella (MMR)
Even if your vaccination records show that you got an MMR shot when you were younger, still we need to check your immunity levels by a blood test. If the antibody levels are good then you are protected for life. If the levels are low, you should get vaccinated and then wait three month before trying to conceive.
Hepatitis B can be passed on to an unborn baby, and it can lead to liver failure and liver cancer. The vaccine comes in a series of three shots, but you don’t need to finish all three doses before conceiving. It’s safe to continue with the series during pregnancy.
Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
HPV Vaccine is for cervical cancer and genital warts. Two doses of the HPV vaccine are recommended for kids ages 11-14 yrs, though it can be given to children as young as age 9. A third dose may be needed if kids aren’t vaccinated until they’re older. Young womens up to age 27 who haven’t previously been vaccinated as children should undergo vaccination. Adults ages 27 to 45 can talk to their doctors to see if they, too, should receive the vaccine if they haven’t already. The HPV vaccine is not recommended during pregnancy and should be delayed until after the baby is born if you haven’t been vaccinated.
Vaccine During Pregnancy
Influenza (flu shot)
During pregnancy you should get the inactivated influenza tetravalent (flu shot) to protect yourself and your baby. A pregnant woman who gets the flu is at increased risk for serious complications, including premature labor and delivery, which may pose a risk to the baby as well.
When mothers are vaccinated during pregnancy, babies are also less likely to get the flu and to be hospitalized for serious flu-related complications like pneumonia (a lung infection) once they are born.
Flu shots are generally given after 27 weeks.The flu shot will protect pregnant women and their babies once they’re born up to 6 months old, when they can get their own flu vaccine.
Tetanus, Diphtheria & Pertussis (TDAP)
Tetanus is an infection caused by bacteria that can enter the body through a break in the skin. Diphtheria and pertussis (whooping cough) bacteria are spread through coughing and sneezing and cause severe respiratory problems. The adult vaccine is called Tdap for protection from all three: tetanus, diphtheria and whooping cough. Through the TDAP vaccine you pass immunity that protects your newborn before he’s old enough to get his own vaccine.
All women should get a TDAP vaccine between 27 & 36 week.
Vaccines for your partner and family
Everyone who takes care of your baby should be vaccinated. They should get a flu vaccine and also TDAP vaccines as pertussis is highly contagious, most babies get whooping cough from a family member.
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